Unexpected Bread

Exodus 16:2-15

The whole congregation of the Israelites complained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.The Israelites said to them, ‘If only we had died by the hand of theLordin the land of Egypt, when we sat by the fleshpots and ate our fill of bread; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.’

Then theLordsaid to Moses, ‘I am going to rain bread from heaven for you, and each day the people shall go out and gather enough for that day. In that way I will test them, whether they will follow my instruction or not.On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather on other days.’ So Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, ‘In the evening you shall know that it was theLordwho brought you out of the land of Egypt,and in the morning you shall see the glory of theLord, because he has heard your complaining against the Lord. For what are we, that you complain against us?’And Moses said, ‘When theLordgives you meat to eat in the evening and your fill of bread in the morning, because theLordhas heard the complaining that you utter against him—what are we? Your complaining is not against us but against theLord.’

Then Moses said to Aaron, ‘Say to the whole congregation of the Israelites, “Draw near to theLord, for he has heard your complaining.”’ And as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the Israelites, they looked towards the wilderness, and the glory of theLordappeared in the cloud.TheLordspoke to Moses and said,‘I have heard the complaining of the Israelites; say to them, “At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall have your fill of bread; then you shall know that I am theLordyour God.”’

In the evening quails came up and covered the camp; and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.When the layer of dew lifted, there on the surface of the wilderness was a fine flaky substance, as fine as frost on the ground.When the Israelites saw it, they said to one another, ‘What is it?’For they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, ‘It is the bread that theLordhas given you to eat.